The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
Together with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the UNCCD is one of the three conventions set up after the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. The UNCCD is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development issues to the land agenda. It addresses specifically the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as the drylands. Like the other two Rio conventions, the UNCCD has a subsidiary body for science and technology (the Committee on Science and Technology - CST).
In 2008, the Conference of Parties decided that special sessions of the CST would be organized in a scientific and technical conference-style format, focusing on one priority area, so as to produce assessments and scientific summaries to form the basis for its political negotiations. Two previous such scientific conferences have been organized, in 2009 in Buenos Aires and in 2013 in Bonn.
For its 3rd scientific conference, the UNCCD CST Bureau has entrusted the Consortium STK4SD (‘Science and Traditional Knowledge for Sustainable Development’) to lead the organizational process. The STK4SD consortium is composed of five core partners and two associated partners, bringing together a high level of scientific expertise and practical skills in the organization of international conferences with a long established commitment to the operations of the UNCCD. Its members are actively involved in all the regions concerned by the UNCCD, proof of its capacity to mobilize resources, organizations and stakeholders at all levels.